By Lee Martin
Booklet by means of Martin, Lee
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Extra info for A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature: Agriculture in Economic Development, 1940s to 1990s
Volume two includes case studies. A classic of the 1960s that unfortunately has received little attention is Jurion and Henry's Can Primitive Farming Be Modernized? . This book summarizes the extensive research of the Belgian scientists at the INEAC research station in northern Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) in the 1930s. Two important books based on many years of microeconomic research in Africa are Michael Collinson's Farm Management in Peasant Agriculture  and Martin Upton's African Farm Management .
But in recent years, the push to establish ranches has slowed in light of evidence that the number of jobs created and the returns on investment are low [von Kaufmann, 1976]. Moreover, concerns for equity are encouraging governments to help small herders form ranching associations and group ranches [Ayuko, 1980, 1981]. 16 Although colonial policy in Kenya reserved dairy production for largescale farmers (mostly white), smallholder milk output has grown rapidly over the past twenty years and it now accounts for 40 percent of Kenya's milk output.
Since agricultural development is a technical, social, and political process, the literature of any subdiscipline such as agricultural economics falls short of capturing the complexity of the agricultural development process. Albert Hirshman sums up this dilemma in his analysis of the rise and decline of development economics over the past twenty-five years: Development economics started out as the spearhead of an effort that was to bring all-around emancipation from backwardness. . By now it has become quite clear that this cannot be done by economics alone.
A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature: Agriculture in Economic Development, 1940s to 1990s by Lee Martin